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Menampilkan postingan dari Oktober, 2018

Theory, Literature review, and Hypothesis Formulation

Theory Framework based on facts
Descripting theory Following rational logical thinking
Criterias of good theories
Can explain phenomenonClear and conciseLogical and fit with the facts or general beliefCan predict possiblities of phenomenonRecent
Reliable theory Its validity can be proven with new or more comprehensive data.
Thinking framework A diagram that outline the flow of logic of a study.

Theoretical framework
can be proposed on:Available theoriesNew theories, or modification of available theories
Literature review Should show all relevant documents, both published and unpublished.

Information required
Subject specificResearch method
Steps required
Identify and access published and unpublished materials on the topic of interersetExtract systematically the relevant informationWrite up the literature review
Example
Introducing subject behavior that take risks and company performanceWhy it is important to studyIdentifying problems to study
Hypotheses assumption, idea or belief about a …

Introduction, Problems, and Variables

Introduction Provides readers with the background information for the research reported in the paper. What is the main reason that we study the object.
Based on
Available StatisticsObservationLiterature review
Inspiration for problems
Deduction from theoriesInterdisciplinary perspectiveDiscussion with practitionerPersonal experience by visual observationsRelevant literature
Good research problems
Useful for general publicSupporting various perspectiveRealistic, possible to study (feasible and researchable)Problems must be suitable with researchers qualifications.  Types of variables Causal relationshipindependentdependentmoderatingintervening/mediating
Kualitas pelayanan (I) ---> Kepuasan pelanggan (D)
Kualitas pelayanan (I)---> Kepuasan pelanggan (D)                                      ^                    Faktor demografi (M)
Kualitas pelayanan (I) ---> Kepuasan pelanggan (in) ------> loyalitas pelanggan (D)
                                      ^                    Faktor…

Research Method

Research GoalProblem SolvingTheory makingAnswering questionsResearch type
Pure research (theory making)Applied research (problem solving)Descriptive research (description of a phenomenon)Correlation research (to find correlation between variables)Explanatory research (explaining my something happened)Exploratory research (go deep into phenomenon to find factors)Quantitative research (quantifying phenomenon)Qualitative research Research Objectives

Proofing available theories, deductive (Bachelor Degree)Developing available theories, deductive (Master Degree)Finding new theories (Doctoral Degree)

Research elements
Problem(s)Theoretical Framework (literature study)Concept definitionDimensions and Variables/IndicatorHypothesis
Steps Concept ---> Dimension -- > variable --> indicator


Concept example
Behavior
Dimension examples
environmenthealth facilitycostsinflation
Variable examples
parents education
Indicator
Finished educationHealth facility to population ratio
Example Democracy --> Civi…