Menampilkan postingan dari Oktober, 2018

Theory, Literature review, and Hypothesis Formulation

Theory Framework based on facts Descripting theory Following rational logical thinking Criterias of good theories Can explain phenomenon Clear and concise Logical and fit with the facts or general belief Can predict possiblities of phenomenon Recent Reliable theory Its validity can be proven with new or more comprehensive data. Thinking framework A diagram that outline the flow of logic of a study. Theoretical framework can be proposed on: Available theories New theories, or modification of available theories Literature review Should show all relevant documents, both published and unpublished. Information required Subject specific Research method Steps required Identify and access published and unpublished materials on the topic of intererset Extract systematically the relevant information Write up the literature review Example Introducing subject behavior that take risks and company performance Why it is important to study Id

Introduction, Problems, and Variables

Introduction Provides readers with the background information for the research reported in the paper. What is the main reason that we study the object. Based on Available Statistics Observation Literature review Inspiration for problems Deduction from theories Interdisciplinary perspective Discussion with practitioner Personal experience by visual observations Relevant literature Good research problems Useful for general public Supporting various perspective Realistic, possible to study (feasible and researchable) Problems must be suitable with researchers qualifications.  Types of variables Causal relationship independent dependent moderating intervening/mediating Kualitas pelayanan (I) ---> Kepuasan pelanggan (D) Kualitas pelayanan (I)---> Kepuasan pelanggan (D)                                      ^                    Faktor demografi (M) Kualitas pelayanan (I) ---> Kepuasan pelanggan (in) ------> loyalitas pelan

Research Method

Research Goal Problem Solving Theory making Answering questions Research type Pure research (theory making) Applied research (problem solving) Descriptive research (description of a phenomenon) Correlation research (to find correlation between variables) Explanatory research (explaining my something happened) Exploratory research (go deep into phenomenon to find factors) Quantitative research (quantifying phenomenon) Qualitative research  Research Objectives Proofing available theories, deductive (Bachelor Degree) Developing available theories, deductive (Master Degree) Finding new theories (Doctoral Degree) Research elements Problem(s) Theoretical Framework (literature study) Concept definition Dimensions and Variables/Indicator Hypothesis Steps Concept ---> Dimension -- > variable --> indicator Concept example Behavior Dimension examples environment health facility costs inflation Variable examples parents edu